A colposcopy is a close examination of a patient’s genitals, vagina and cervix. A colposcope is an instrument that shines a light on the cervix and magnifies the view for your doctor. Through a colposcopy, a doctor can detect abnormal tissue to identify areas that may need further evaluation.
If your doctor sees areas of abnormal tissue during the colposcopy, he or she may also perform a biopsy. This involves removing small samples of tissue from any abnormal areas in or around the cervix. A specialist doctor called a pathologist will examine these samples.